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muddymonkey77
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War of 1812 US Regiments

Sat Feb 23, 2008 3:57 am

[SIZE="4"]REGULAR US ARMY[/size]

US ARMY June 18, 1812

Infantry

1st US
2nd US
3rd US
4th US
5th US
6th US
7th US
8th US
9th US
10th US
11th US
12th US
23th US
14th US
15th US
16th US
17th US

1st US Rifle Regiment

1st US Artillery
2nd US Artillery
3rd US Artillery
4th US Artillery

1st US Light Dragoons
2nd US Light Dragoons

6 Independent Companies of Rangers

REGIMENTS ADDED LATE JUNE 1812


18th US
19th US
20th US
21st US
22nd US
23rd US
24th US
25th US

REGIMENTS ADDED JANUARY 29, 1813

26th US
27th US
28th US
29th US
30th US
31st US
32nd US
33rd US
34th US
35th US
36th US
37th US
38th US
39th US
40th US
41st US
42st US
43rd US
44th US
45th US
46th US

REGIMENTS ADDED ON FEBRUARY 25, 1813

10 Additional companies of Rangers


REGIMENTS ADDED IN FEBRUARY 1814

2nd Rifle Regiment
3rd Rifle Regiment
4th Rifle Regiment

MARCH 30, 1814

1st and 2nd US light Dragoons merged
1st-3rd US Artillery become the "Corps of Artillery"
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muddymonkey77
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Sat Feb 23, 2008 3:58 am

[SIZE="4"]MASSACHUSETTS MILITIA[/size]

General Jacob Bliss' Command
Miscellaneous Artillery Companies


Captain Samuel Stall's Company under General Goodwin
Captain Edward Jacob's Company under General Goodwin
Captain Ebenezer Dyer's Company, General Wells' Command
Captain J. E. Smith's Company, General Wells' Command
Captain Jonathan Thaxter's Company, General Wells' Command.

Lieutenant Colonel William Edwards' Regiment of Artillery
Miscellaneous Artillery Companies


Captain Reuben Brown's Company, Lieut. Col. S. K. Chamberlain's Regiment
Major B. T. Reed's Battalion of Artillery
Captain George Sullivan's Company of Artillery under Supervision of Commodore
William Bainbridge

Major James Lewis' Battalion of Artillery
Miscellaneous Artillery Companies


Captain Joseph S. Sayward's Company of Artillery, Lieut. Col. J. Appleton's Regiment
Capt. Jesse Putnam's Company, Lieut. Col. J. Russell's Regiment
Capt. Isaac Lane's Company of Artillery, Lieut. Col. B. Lincoln's Regiment

Lieutenant Colonel James Appleton's Regiment
Miscellaneous Companies


Captain Benjamin. Haskell's Detached Company under General Hovey
Captain Moses Whittier's Company, Maj. R. Elwell's Regiment

Lieutenant Colonel E. Hale's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel P. Merrill's Regiment
Colonel Reed's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel Amos Binney's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel Solomon K. Chamberlin's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel Levi Dodge's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel Joseph Dudley's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel Enos Foot's Regiment
Miscellaneous Companies


Captain Enos Goss' Detached Company of Mendon, Lieut. Col. W. Hasting's Regiment.
Captain Thomas Harrington's Roll of Detached Company of Shrewsbury and Vicinity, Lieut. Col. Walter Hastings Regiment.

Lieutenant Colonel Caleb Howard's Regiment
Miscellaneous Companies


Captain Nathaniel Wilder's Company, under Gen. Goodwin's Command

Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin Lincoln's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Longley's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel Daniel Messinger's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel David Nye's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel B. Noye's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel Peter Osgood's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel Jonathan Page's Regiment
Major General Alford Richardson's Division & Brigade Staff
Artillery Battalions


Captain Jacob Auld's Company
Major Alden Blossom's Battalion
Major Joseph Chandler's Battalion
Major Daniel Holden's Battalion
Other Companies Attached to Other Regiments:
Captain Cornelius Barnes' Company
Captain Phineas Varnum's Company
Captain Josephus Howard's Company
Captain Jonathan Bemis' Company
Captain Leonard Richmond's Company
Major James Steele's Battalion
Other Companies Attached to Other Regiments:
Captain Dean Bangs' Company
Captain William Haskell's Company
Captain Isaac Leighton's Company
Lieutenant Seth S. Fairfield's Company
Captain Edward Small's Company

Cavalry Battalions

Major B. Ames' Battalion
Major Thomas McCrate's Battalion
Major Peter Grant's Battalion
Major John Greenwood's Battalion
Captain William B. Bray's Company of Cavalry
Sergt. A. Lemond's Detachment of Cavalry, acting as Express

Lieutenant Colonel Oliver Shead's Regiment
Captain Joshua Chamberlain's Detached Company of Militia
Lieutenant Colonel John Black's Regiment
Colonel M. Nichol's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel William R. Blaisdell's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel John Burbank's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel Cyrus Clark's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel John Commings' Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel Ezekiel Cutter's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel Robert Day's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel Erastus Foot's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel Joseph E. Foxcroft's Regiment
General John Blake's Brigade
Lieutenant Colonel A. Grant's Regiment
Col. A. Hastings' Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel Josiah Hobb's Regiment
Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Hollands' Regiment


Lieutenant Colonel W. Ryerson's Regiment
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orca
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Sat Feb 23, 2008 4:46 am

Apart from the regiments authorized in June 1812 (as war was being declared) there were another 10 authorized in January 1812. So only the 1st to 7th regiments were actually veteran regulars, the rest were all being drafted in 1812. Most were far below establishment and extremely green. Throughout 1812 their leaders considered the militia to be the better soldiers.

What's up with the Massachusetts militia? I thought that none of the New England states allowed their militia to serve in the war. I do know that all invasions of Quebec had to start from the west side of Lake Champlain, because the New York militia were available and the Vermont militia were not.

Some more OOBs

New York State Militia OOB
1st brigade, GERARD STEDDIFORD of the city of New York
-1st regiment, Beekman M. Van Buren, of the city of New York
-2d regiment , Jonas Mapes, of the city of New York
-3d regiment, John Ditmas, of Jamaica, Queens County.
2d brigade, REUBEN HOPKINS, of Goshen, Orange County
-4th regiment, Abraham J. Hardenbergh, of Shawangunk, Ulster County
-5th regiment, Martin Heermance, of Rhinebeck, Duchess County;
-6th regiment, Abraham Van Wyck, of Fishkill, Duchess County.
3d brigade , MICAJAH PETERS, of Queensbury, Washington County;
-7th regiment, James Green, of Argyle, Washington County;
-8th, Thomas Miller, of Plattsburg, Clinton County
-9th, Peter I. Vosburgh, of Kinderhook, Columbia County.
4th brigade, RICHARD DODGE, of Johnstown, Montgomery County (
-10th regiment, John Prior, of Greenfield, Saratoga County
-11th, Calvin Rich, of Sharon, Schoharie County, to be attached to the regiments from General Veeder’s division
-12th, John T. Van Dalfsen, of Coeyman’s, Albany County,
-13th, Putnam Farrington, of Delhi, Delaware County, to be attached to the regiments from General Todd’s division.
5th brigade, JACOB BROWN, of Brownsville, Jefferson County
-14th regiment, William Stone, of Whitestown, Oneida County
-15th, Thomas B. Benedict, of De Kalb, St. Lawrence County.
6th brigade, DANIEL MILLER, of Homer, Cortland County
-16th regiment, Farrand Stranahan, of Cooperstown, Otsego County;
-17th, Thomas Mead, of Norwich, Chenango County.
7th brigade, WILLIAM WADSWORTH, of Geneseo, Ontario County;
-18th regiment, Hugh W. Dobbin, of Junius, Seneca County;
-19th, Henry Bloom, of Geneva, Cayuga County;
-20th, Peter Allen, of Bloomfield, Ontario County.
8th brigade, GEORGE M‘CLURE, of Bath, Steuben County.
-the regiment of light infantry under Colonel Jeremiah Johnson, of Brooklyn, Kings County,
-regiment of riflemen under Colonel Francis M‘Clure, of the city of New York.
-the corps commanded by Lieutenant Colonels Swift, Flemming, and Bellinger, were subject to his division orders."

Hull's army
At the outbreak of war Hull was in modern Toledo Ohio with:
4th US infantry, the
1st Ohio militia
2nd Ohio militia
3rd Ohio militia,
he recruited a small group of volunteers in Michigan. This is the army that Hull surrendered to Brock.

Queenston
At the battle of Queenston Heights in 1812 Stephen Van Rensselaer commanded:
Smythe's Brigade
6th US Infantry,
13th US Infantry
23rd U.S. Infantry
Brigadier Wadsworth's Brigade
16th New York militia
17th New York militia
Brigadier Miller's Brigade
18th New York militia
19th New York militia
20th New York militia
The militia were generally the superior troops at this stage of the war, as they had at least been drilled.

Niagara Border
By November 1812 the forces on the Niagara frontier were

6th US Infantry,
12th US Infantry
13th US Infantry
14th US Infantry
20th US Infantry
23rd U.S. Infantry (14th and 23rd combined into one as they were so far behind in recruiting)
The Baltimore Volunteers under Colonel Winder,
Captain Gibson’s Artillery; Captain Towson’s Artillery; Captain Barker’s and Captain Branch’s Artillery; Captain Archer’s Artillery;
General Tannehill’s Infantry,
The Pennsylvania Volunteers
the Infantry of Colonel Swift (ind)
NY militia 8th Brigade Colonel M‘Clure (NY light infantry, NY riflemen)
General Porter’s Infantry, The New York Volunteers
Captain Leonard’s Artillery;
Various components of the US rifle regiment.

NorthWestern Army
Harrison's army that drove the British from the Northwest territory in 1813 was:
Northwestern Army, WH Harrison Commanding
Left Wing, Brig. General James Winchester
Brig General John Payne, KY milita
1st Ky regiment
4th Ky regiment
5th KY regiment
1st KY Rifle Regiment
Col. Samuel Wells USA
17 US Infantry
Det. 19th US Regiment
2nd KY milita
Center Wing, Brig Gen Edward Tupper OH militia
OH mounted militia brigade
KY regiment
KY Mounted Regiment
Right Wing, WH Harrison
Brigadier Gen, Simon Perkins
Ohio Militia Regiment
Virginia Brigade
2nd PA Brigade
1st regiment
2nd regiment
KY dragoons
US 2nd light dragoons
19th US Infantry
Pittsburgh Blues Volunteers

York
At York (Toronto) in April 1813 US OOB was
Henry Dearborn
Zebulon Pike †
6th Regiment US Infantry
15th Regiment US Infantry,
16th Regiment US Infantry
21st Regiments of U.S. Infantry
one company from the 3rd Regiment of U.S. Artillery
one company from the Regiment of U.S. Rifles.
elements from the 5th, 14th and 29th Regiments of U.S. Infantry

Fort George
The OOB at Fort George in May was similar:
Henry Dearborn
Winfield Scott
Detachment 2 Lt Dragoons;
detachment Lt Art;
detachmentss 2 & 3 Art;
detachment 1 Rifles;
6th US Infantry,
14th US Infantry,
15th Infantry,
16th Infantry,
20th Infantry,
22nd Infantry,
23rd Infantry.

St Lawrence
At Chrysler's Farm in October the OOB was
James Wilkinson
John P. Boyd
3rd Brigade Leonard Covington
-9th US Infantry
-16th US Infantry
-25th U.S. Infantry
4th Brigade, Robert Swartwout
-11th U.S. Infantry
-14th U.S. Infantry
-21st U.S. Infantry
1st Brigade, Isaac Coles
-12th U.S. Infantry
-13th U.S. Infantry
one squadron of the 2nd Dragoons
1 coy 1 Rifles.

Chippewa
At Chippewa in July 1814
Jacob Brown Commanding
* 1st Brigade : Brigadier General Winfield Scott
o 9th/22nd Infantry : (550 Veteran)
o 11th Infantry : (400 Veteran)
o 25th Infantry : (350 Veteran)
o 21st Infantry : Company (50 Line)

* 2nd Brigade : Brigadier General Eleazer W. Ripley
o 21st Infantry : (600 Line)
o 23rd Infantry : (350 Line)

* 3rd Brigade : Brigadier General Peter B. Porter
o 5th Pennsylvania (Militia) Regt : (500 Line)
o Seneca, Oneida, Cayuga Indian Allies (300 Native-SK)

* Artillery : Capt. Nathan Towson, U.S. Artillery Corps
o Foot Artillery (Towson) : (2-6pdr, 1-5.5inch howitzer)
o Foot Artillery (Ritchie): (2-6pdr, 1-5.5inch howitzer)
o Foot Artillery (Biddle) with Ripley : (1-12pdr)

* Cavalry : Capt. Samuel D. Harris
o U.S. Light Dragoons : Troop (80)


At the end of July 1814 at Lundy's Lane (slight differences)
Left Division (Major General Jacob Brown)

* 1st Brigade (Brigadier General Winfield Scott)
o 9th U.S. Infantry
o 11th U.S. Infantry
o 22nd U.S. Infantry
o 25th U.S. Infantry
o Towson's Company U.S. Artillery (Two 6-pounder guns, One 5.5-inch howitzer)
* 2nd Brigade (Brigadier General Eleazer Wheelock Ripley)
o 21st U.S. Infantry
o 23rd U.S.Infantry
o 1st U.S. Infantry (part)
+ 17th U.S.Infantry (detachment)
+ 19th U.S. Infantry (detachment)
* 3rd (Militia) Brigade (Brigadier General Peter Porter)
o 5th Pennsylvania Militia
o New York Militia Volunteers
o Canadian Volunteers (approx. 1 company)
* U.S. Artillery (Lieutenant Colonel Jacob Hindman)
o Ritchie's Company (Two 6-pounder guns, One 5.5-inch howitzer)
o Biddle's Company (Three 12-pounder guns)
* Cavalry (Captain Samuel D. Harris)
o Detachment U.S. Dragoons
o Troop New York Volunteer Dragoons


At Cook's Mills October 1814
Commander, Left Division, U.S. Army: Major General George Izard
o Brigadier General Daniel Bissell
+ 5th Infantry
+ 14th Infantry
+ 15th Infantry
+ 16th Infantry
+ 1st Regt Riflemen : 4th Company
+ U.S. Light and New York Volunteer Dragoons :

Champlain
At Plattsburgh in November 1814
Alexander Macomb
Detach Corps of Art
Detach Lt Art;
4 US Infantry
13 US Infantry
29 US Infantry
30 US Infantry
31 US Infantry
33 US Infantry
34 US Infantry
4 coys 6 Infantry
detach 1 Rifles.
which amount to 1500 regulars. He also had some 1900 militia that I haven't identified, presumably they were New York militia. I have to believe that they included the 3rd New York Brigade as listed above.

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PhilThib
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Sat Feb 23, 2008 5:35 pm

Great stuff ! :indien:
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muddymonkey77
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Sat Feb 23, 2008 7:52 pm

What's up with the Massachusetts militia? I thought that none of the New England states allowed their militia to serve in the war. I do know that all invasions of Quebec had to start from the west side of Lake Champlain, because the New York militia were available and the Vermont militia were not.


I was working State By state, and Massachusetts was the first one I finished. The regiments existed, and therefore should be relevant. In game terms, they could be locked in the state. A deterrent for England to attack.
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PhilThib
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Sat Feb 23, 2008 8:27 pm

We can even add more deterrent, by scripting events that would check an English invasion of NE...if so, the backlash would be even stronger than unlocking the militias (IIRC, New England did not support the war...if invaded, more effort, both industrial and maritime could be done ther...) :indien:
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muddymonkey77
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Sun Feb 24, 2008 5:41 pm

That is awesome!!! :indien:
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orca
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Joined: Mon Nov 20, 2006 5:45 pm
Location: Massachusetts

Mon Feb 25, 2008 3:14 am

PhilThib wrote:We can even add more deterrent, by scripting events that would check an English invasion of NE...if so, the backlash would be even stronger than unlocking the militias (IIRC, New England did not support the war...if invaded, more effort, both industrial and maritime could be done ther...) :indien:


But be careful. The British did in fact conquer all of Maine east of the Penobscot river. That didn't unlock the Massachusetts militia, even though that's obviously part of Massachusetts in 1814.

And in New England there was a quid pro quo. There were hordes of American privateers during the war but they didn't operate from New England. The reason the British went after Baltimore is that it was the top port for privateers.

To me the war east of New York/Montreal is singularly uninteresting. I'm not sure that you add much by making any of it playable. Historically the British would have been incredibly foolish to attack New England (outside of Maine).

Farfarer2
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Eastern Canada Participated

Wed Feb 27, 2008 1:59 am

The Light Company of the 104th New Brunswick Regiment marched more than 700 miles up through the Madawaska River and the Great Portage and wilderness between lake Temiscouata and Rivire du Loup (even today when you drive it you better have have Satellite Radio - last month all I got was "All Bee Gees", with queboecois commentary, all day, on the one radio station (from Cabano or some such). Most of their forced march was in the dead of winter , on snowshoes, pulling tobaggans. On April 12, after 52 days, they arrived at Kingston, Upper Canada without losing any of their 600 men. Their numbers were so exagerrated by the time the rumours hit Sackett's Harbour that the US forces elected to attack York instead...
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Farfarer2
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Wed Feb 27, 2008 2:01 am

PhilThib wrote:We can even add more deterrent, by scripting events that would check an English invasion of NE...if so, the backlash would be even stronger than unlocking the militias (IIRC, New England did not support the war...if invaded, more effort, both industrial and maritime could be done ther...) :indien:



Agree with the theme that ( save for parts of Maine which became a quasi-Indian state), New England wanted no part of a foolish war.
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thewick
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Joined: Fri Jun 29, 2007 8:11 pm

Fri Feb 29, 2008 5:55 am

Heh There was also a couple hundred Green Mountain Boys at the Battle of Plattsburg. We just cant miss a good fight. It always makes me happy to see the one unit of vermont militia kicking butt.

There was also a good reason for using the New York side of the lake, and that was that it was better developed for travel.

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lodilefty
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Fri Mar 21, 2008 12:41 pm

I'm a poor researcher at best... :o

Any data on the organization of these units? How many companies? Men per company? Grenadiers? Light Infantry?

...and what did the British regiments look like by 1812? Same as used in Napoleonic campaigns?

Thanks ahead of time! :king:
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muddymonkey77
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Joined: Mon Jan 22, 2007 5:35 pm
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Sun Mar 23, 2008 4:11 am

lodilefty wrote:I'm a poor researcher at best... :o

Any data on the organization of these units? How many companies? Men per company? Grenadiers? Light Infantry?

...and what did the British regiments look like by 1812? Same as used in Napoleonic campaigns?

Thanks ahead of time! :king:



They should look like those in the Napoleon campaign.
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